Fundamental rights: pillars of individual protection

Los Derechos fundamentales | Santana Ripoll | Rep. Dom.

Fundamental rights: pillars of individual protection

Fundamental rights: pillars of individual protection

Fundamental rights are an essential part of any democratic system and constitute the foundation for the protection of individuals. These rights, also known as human rights, are inherent to all people, regardless of nationality, race, gender, religion or sexual orientation. In this article, we will explore the importance of fundamental rights, their evolution throughout history and their relevance in today’s society.

Definition and characteristics of fundamental rights:

Fundamental rights refer to the rights inherent to all human beings.

They are inalienable, indivisible and universal, which means that they cannot be eliminated, separated or denied to any person.

They are recognized in international instruments, such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 and in many national constitutions.

Historical evolution of fundamental rights:

-Fundamental rights have their roots in the struggles for freedom and justice throughout history.

-The Magna Carta of 1215 in England and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789 in France are important milestones in the development of fundamental rights.

-After World War II, international treaties and conventions were established to protect fundamental rights globally.

Classification of fundamental rights:

Fundamental rights are classified into civil and political rights, economic, social and cultural rights, and solidarity rights.

-Civil and political rights include freedom of expression, the right to a fair trial and the right to vote.

-Economic, social and cultural rights include the right to education, the right to decent work and the right to housing.

-Solidarity rights refer to the protection of vulnerable groups, such as children, women and refugees.

Guarantees and protection of fundamental rights:

Fundamental rights must be protected and guaranteed by States.

Courts and judicial systems play a fundamental role in upholding fundamental rights and providing justice.

International mechanisms, such as the International Court of Justice and regional human rights systems, also contribute to the protection of these rights.

In short, fundamental rights are the foundation of a just and democratic society. Their recognition and protection are fundamental to ensuring the dignity and equality of all people. As society evolves, it is necessary to strengthen the mechanisms for the protection of fundamental rights and to ensure that they are respected in all circumstances. The promotion and defense of these rights is the responsibility of all individuals and the international community as a whole.

Explore your fundamental rights in depth with us.

Virgilio Santana Ripoll